30 Sep 2018

Narrowing yield gaps and increasing nutrient use efficiencies using the Nutrient Expert system for maize in Northeast China

Xu XP, He P*, Pampolino MF, Li YY, Liu SQ, Xie JG, Hou YP, Zhou W. Narrowing yield gaps and increasing nutrient use efficiencies using the Nutrient Expert system for maize in Northeast China. Field Crops Research, 2016, 194: 75-82,


A science-based, reliable, and feasible fertilizer recommendation method is required to respond to the low nutrient use efficiency caused by inappropriate fertilization practices. Soil test-based fertilizer recommendations are difficult to use for smallholder farms because of constraints such as access, cost and timeliness in multiple cropping systems. In this study, we combined on-farm experiments from 2012 to 2014 in 20 farmers’ fields on spring maize in Northeast China with a simulation model (Hybrid Maize model), to test the continual performance in agronomic, economic and environmental aspects of the Nutrient Expert for Hybrid Maize decision support system. On average, the NE, FP, and OPTS treatments attained yields of 80%, 74%, and 77% of the potential yield, respectively. The exploitable yield gap between the NE and FP treatments was 0.9 t/ha, and between the NE and OPTS treatments was 0.5 t/ha. On average, the NE treatment increased the gross return above fertilizer cost (GRF) by US$303 and US$167 compared with the FP and OPTS treatments across all sites, respectively, in which about 91% and 98% of increase GRF was attributed increase in grain yield rather than reduction in fertilizer cost. There were slightly higher nutrient use efficiencies under the NE treatment than under the OPTS treatment. Relative to the FP treatment, however, on average, the NE treatment increased recovery efficiency, agronomic efficiency and partial factor productivity of N, P, and K Furthermore, the calculated soil inorganic N at harvest of maize crop, total greenhouse gas emissions, and GHG emission intensity were 42%, 17%, and 23% lower in the NE treatment than the FP treatment, respectively. We conclude that the Nutrient Expert for Hybrid Maize system has the potential to close existing yield gaps in the spring maize production systems of Northeast China by improving yield, nutrient use efficiency, and profitability with low environmental pollution.

更多关于...: 西北地区